OCD is short hand for an anxiety disorder which involves obsessions or compulsions.
- Obsessions are persistent thoughts, impulses or images which people can experience as intrusive or inappropriate.
- The most common types of obsessions concern thoughts about being contaminated, doubts about having done something, fears about being aggressive or losing control, or fears about recurring sexual imagery.
- Compulsions are repetitive behaviours which are overt or covert. Some of the most common overt behaviours people experience can involve hand washing, checking, or the ordering or alignment of objects.
- Some of the most common covert behaviours people experience can involve counting, repeating words, focusing, distraction, rumination or mind control.
Why is OCD distressing
- OCD is distressing because obsessions and compulsions can eat away at a persons ability to undertake everyday tasks and activities.
Why do people develop OCD
- Often people develop obsession or compulsions to reduce anxiety and distress, or prevent a feared event from happening.
- Some times people develop compulsions which are performed according to specific rules, as a way of warding off a feared event, situation or perceived looming catastrophe.